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Types of new residential roofs

Aug 30

Asphalt shingles, slate clay, clay, and concrete tiles were the only roofing options. Advanced roofing materials offer various options and new designs for existing materials.

This is a list of 9 types of roofing that you can consider when you are doing your next roof replacement.

Solar tiles

Advanced solar collectors can be integrated seamlessly into existing shingles to generate up to 1 kilowatt per 100 square feet. These solar collectors are handy for homeowners' associations with sunny roofs prohibiting traditional solar panels. They are more expensive than traditional solar options but can offset some energy costs.

Asphalt shingles

Asphalt shingles can be used in any environment, they are the most popular roofing material. Many quality factors can be compared. 

Metal roofing

Metal roofing can be in vertical panels or shingles resembling slate, tile, and shake. They last for about 60 years. Metal is resistant to high winds and heavy snow and can withstand burning. It can be easily installed on existing roofs because it is lightweight. Metal can make rainstorms louder and may rust from hail. The average cost per square foot is between $5 and $12, depending on the type and style. This is higher than asphalt but lower than concrete tiles. The material also affects the rate of corrosion.

Stone-coated steel

Interlocking panels look like slate, clay, or shingles. They resist damage from heavy rains (upto 8.8 inches per hour), wind speeds of 120 miles/hour, uplifting, hail, and freeze-thaw cycles. They are an effective and economical choice in areas that are windy, wet or prone to wildfires. For the life of your house, some steel roofs with stone coating are guaranteed.


Slate roofing can last more than 100 years. It is resistant to mold and fungus, won't burn and is waterproof. Although slate is very effective in wet environments, it is heavy, expensive and can be broken easily if stepped on. This is especially true if you live near hail.

Rubber slate

It looks natural and can easily be cut with a knife to fit roofs such as those on Victorian homes. Although rubber slate roofs last for 100 years, they can be damaged by satellite dishes or walking. They are also susceptible to hail damage similar to slate. It may not be easy to find qualified roofing professionals to install rubber slates.

Concrete and clay tiles

cLay and concrete roof tiles can withstand tornadoes, hurricanes and winds up to 125 mph. They can be used in dry, warm climates. They might need extra support to carry their weight and may break if they are walked on.

Green roofs

Green roofs can be covered with plants to improve air quality, reduce runoff, and insulate homes to lower urban heat islands. They require extra structural support, such as a vapor barrier and thermal insulation. They are expected to live for 40 years.

Built-up roofing

This heavy roofing comprises layers of asphalt, glue, or tar and is then topped with aggregate. It's only suitable for flat roofs. For roofs that receive heavy foot traffic, tar and gravel roofs are ideal. These roofs can become sticky in the summer and are more challenging to remove snow from than smooth surfaces. They can last between 20 and 25 years.

Your climate, budget, and house will all play a role in choosing the right type of roof. Talk to licensed roofing contractors to find out what is best in your area. Also, look at the latest developments nearby for ideas about what roofing material you should use.

No matter what kind of roof you choose, there's always the possibility that it could be damaged. Roofs can be costly, so ensure you have insurance in case of an unexpected event.